This section contains general listings of the work incentives for SSDI and SSI beneficiaries.
Explanation of SSDI
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) provides benefits to disabled or blind individuals who are “insured” by workers’ contributions to the Social Security trust fund. These contributions are the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) social security tax paid on their earnings or those of their spouses or parents.
Explanation of SSI
The Supplemental Security Income Program (SSI) makes cash assistance payments to aged, blind and disabled people (including children under age 18) who have limited income and resources. The Federal government funds SSI from general tax revenues.
What is a Work Incentive?
Special rules make it possible for people with disabilities receiving Social Security or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) to work and still receive monthly payments and Medicare or Medicaid. Social Security calls these rules “work incentives.” Below are the rules that apply under each program.
SSI Work Incentives
- Blind Work Expenses
- Earned Income Exclusion
- Student Earned Income Exclusion
- Plan to Achieving Self-Support
- Property Essential to Self Support
- Special SSI Payments for People Who Work
- Continued Medicaid Eligibility
- Special Benefits for People Eligible Under Section 1619 (a) or (b) Who Enter a Medical Treatment Facility
- Reinstating Eligibility Without a New Application